Orthodontics for children
Revolutionary changes in the field of orthodontics
The classic old braces became outdated in recent years and the overall perception of orthodontic treatment has changed substantially. Read on and find out what modern orthodontics can do for your child in the interests of health and a beautiful smile!
Why is it important?
For parents, nothing is more important than the health and a happy, successful future of their child. Few, however, know that orthodontics is not just a matter of aesthetics. In the case of orthodontics for children, the typical bite misalignments may be associated with considerable breathing and swallowing difficulty. Therefore, it is important to recognize this and resolve the problems with a professional and targeted treatment, so that the development of more serious conditions can be prevented!
Frequently asked questions
Why does my child have misaligned teeth?
The investigation of orthodontic and bite deviations has led to important changes in relation to earlier theories. Previously, mostly genetics and bad habits (thumb sucking, pacifier) were blamed for everything. Today we say that there is a genetic predisposition, but environmental conditions, however, are much more important.
Which environmental conditions are these?
A long-lasting thumb sucking or pacifier use can lead to disadvantages, but there is a much more significant factor. That is the balance of the muscles around the mouth and their balanced function, in other words the development of appropriate swallowing and breathing functions. The tooth position depends on whether the tongue, lips, cheeks and jaw muscles are in balance.
The modern children’s orthodontics is therefore concerned not only with whether the teeth are straight or if the bite is regular. The aim of treatment is to produce also the balance of the aforementioned swallowing and respiratory function in addition to a beautiful smile. As a result modern orthodontic treatment for children does not aim to narrow the tongue space by tooth extraction or other aggressive means.
When should I start a treatment?
Even a control at the age of 4-5 years is beneficial. The real problem is not the malocclusion, as it is only a symptom for the imbalanced functions in the background. Therefore we recommend the earliest possible start of a functional training. Orthodontic treatment for children is justified if the function setting is not possible without the use of braces.
Early treatment of children and orthodontics at puberty
Depending on the time of treatment initiation, we distinguish the so-called early treatment of children and orthodontics at puberty.
As early treatment we call typically the case when even milk teeth are present. At this age, the development of the dental arches and the regular development of the jaw bones are most important.
In most cases, the early treatment is followed by a treatment at puberty to set the teeth permanently. Of course, it also happens that the treatment begins only after the complete replacement of teeth, which occurs around the age of 11-13 years. This is the classic treatment at puberty.
How do I decide which is the best treatment for my child?
The modern functional orthodontics for children is not associated with tooth extraction. No arch-widening measures are applied (Hyrax) or any forces whose direction and magnitude preclude the biological principles (eg. headgear).
- Ideal swallowing reflexand tongue space
- Nasal breathingand corresponding head- and body posture.
All this can be achieved only through a patient-oriented approach, modern, innovative euipment and professional technical team cooperation.
What should I consider when selecting a specialist?
Orthodontic treatment is a medical procedure, based on mutual trust between doctor and patient. Equally important is the medical equipment, the expertise and patient-oriented attitude.
Which braces are best for children orthodontics?
The old classic, large and uncomfortable plastic braces are history. The basic expectation of modern functional orthodontics is that the braces possibly do not to work with great force and do not hinder the swallowing and speaking. Removable braces are usually invisible and very convenient, in addition also glued braces with light forces are applied. When selecting the braces the price of the treatment is of importance.